Today, school education is seen as an important factor for economic development, almost as a "resource". In the City of Nuremberg, this was also the case in the past. Between the high Middle Ages and the early Modern Age, Nuremberg was a leading city in Germany, not only in the arts and in trade, but also in education. The number and quality of schools was an essential foundation for the city's special development. This tradition was extended in the 19th century. So it was not surprising that the first German railway project in 1835 was due to a Nuremberg initiative. A Nuremberg school played an important role in this project.
The School Museum illustrates the importance of education for the economic development of a region with various examples. These include the role one teacher played in the meteoric career of the founder of a Nuremberg company in the 19th century, and the successful participation of Nuremberg students in the robot world championships in the USA in 2006. The presentation also refers to recent research results and to the PISA study debate.